Personality is defined as the configuration of characteristics and ways of behaving which describe an individual’s unique adjustment to his environment. There are many theories of personality that attempt to explain the nature of personality organization or personality structure.
TYPE THEORIES. It is the theory of body types as determiners of personality. It is developed by William Sheldon using the three components of body types which are the Endomorph, Mesomorph, and Ectomorph.
Sheldon believes that obese individuals or persons who show preponderance of endormophy likely to seek comfort, loves fine food, sociable and are greatly interested in seeking affection. While people under Mesomorph are energetic but tends to be aggressive and self-assertive. They are those people who have those big biceps, hard abs and a model-like body type. Those long, thin and poorly developed persons belong to Ectomorphic which is believed to be inhibited and mostly to avoid social contacts.
In which type do you belong? Try to look at yourself in the mirror and tell if Sheldon’s theory really states your personality.
Another theory formulated is Psychological Type Theory proposed by Carl G. Jung in which he classified individuals into two, the Introverts and the Extroverts.
He stated that Introverts tends to withdraw into themselves especially in times of emotional stress or conflict. They are shy and prefer to work alone. While looking on the other side, the Extroverts they are sociable, well dressed and outgoing. They tend to lose themselves among people.
According to William (1956), the basis of one’s personality is the chemistry of the body which leads to another theory the Psychoanalytic theory. He listed four types of personality – sanguine, phlegmatic, melancholic and choleric.
The sanguine person is warm-hearted and pleasant; has a prominence of blood. The phlegmatic is listless and slow. These qualities are attributed to phlegm. The melancholic suffers from depression and sadness because of having too much black bile. The choleric person is angered or temperamental as influenced by yellow bile.
Personality is considered as complex interacting traits. We as individuals may not also know our own personality or on what traits do we show to the world. Using these theories we’ll be educated on how we acquire these personalities.
Authors: Lady Sheena Detablan and Carla Ornillo